last updated: 23 April, 2016

Video links and downloads associated with this submitted manuscript:

Wim J Lammers, Stephen Betty, Sherif M Karam.

Functional Reentry and Circus Movement Arrhythmias

in the Small Intestine of Normal and Diabetic Rat.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver 302, G684-G689, 2012

With the following links, you can view two animations on 'YouTube'. The two animations display the propagation of the slow waves during re-entry.

YouTube Links

Figure 2

stable reentry

(23 seconds)


Figure 4

Meandering Circuit

(49 sec)


A 3.5-minute video presentation of this study:



© W. Lammers 2001-2016